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What You Need to Know: Difference Between IT Security and Cybersecurity


IT security and cybersecurity are connected with computer system security and are often used interchangeably. However, for individuals who are unaware of the difference, the definitions and interpretations of the terms vary greatly and should not be used interchangeably, as is sometimes done. 

In other words, one is responsible for data defense in cyberspace, while the other is about data security in general. Simple yet challenging for beginners to understand.

Most businesses rely on computer systems, increasing the connection between cybersecurity and IT security, but some differences must be understood as part of best data risk management. In this article, we will take a look at what makes them different. We’ll start with the evolution and definition of both terms before going into the differences between them.

The Evolution of IT Security and Cybersecurity

Over the past few years, we’ve seen a fusion of IT security and cybersecurity, as two formerly distinct positions have joined together. 

The problem is that most businesses do not have an information security expert on staff, therefore a cybersecurity expert’s responsibilities have grown significantly.

Cybersecurity experts traditionally understand the tech, firewalls, and intrusion prevention systems required, but still haven’t necessarily been brought up in the data evaluation industry. 

However, this is changing. 

As this topic becomes more essential for companies, the role of cybersecurity risk management expert is changing. Business partners and investors are becoming more aware of the significance of this issue, and businesses are often questioned about their efficiency in protecting data and handling physical and cyber threats.

Defining IT Security

IT security is the process of developing and implementing methods to protect business data. This data can be in a variety of formats, such as paper and electronic. It also assures data quality, security, and accessibility when needed.

Businesses that handle large amounts of data must develop systems and procedures to keep this information safe. To secure sensitive data from unauthorized access, you’ll need a data protection strategy that specifies how such information is handled.  

In other words, it aims to keep the company’s data secure and reliable. As the broad name implies, IT security covers a wide range of issues, including cybersecurity. This means that you can be an IT expert without specializing in cybersecurity.

Understanding Cybersecurity

The protection of a company’s data against issues that may occur on the internet is cybersecurity. It includes the deployment and creation of systems that capable of repelling such threats.

Cybersecurity protects electronic data as it travels over the internet. Most of the experts in this field use innovations, data analysis, and preventative techniques to ensure that you will not become a victim of online threats.

There are many risks that an organization may face online. From phishing to malware and SQL injections, also such cyber-attacks may expose your important data to hackers. That is why it is essential for your business to implement a cybersecurity plan. 

A cybersecurity plan or cybersecurity strategy may include network risk assessment, password management, encryption of data, and data security policies.

The Similarities Between Cybersecurity and IT security

Let us start by analyzing the similarities between the two concepts which might create confusion. Both terms relate to practices that seek to secure and protect computer systems against data breaches and malicious acts. 

IT Security and Cybersecurity are closely related practices. They have similar and complementary processes, but they must be separated in order for proper and successful application. 

Both cybersecurity and IT security have included a component that refers to the physical security of information. Both terms have different methods to keep the information safe, such as closing the server room door and granting authorization to certain employees.

Furthermore, IT security and cybersecurity evaluate the importance of the data they want to protect. In other words, both term approaches try to focus on one of the most critical pieces of information.

Now, let’s jump to the key differences between the two terms.

Important differences between IT security and Cybersecurity

Cybersecurity focuses on preventing data in electronic form from being hacked and attacked. The experts take on a more active role in protecting servers, database endpoints, and networks by discovering security gaps and misconfigurations that lead to vulnerabilities. They also determine the critical data and stored data and its risk exposure and related technology.

Here are the examples of cybersecurity:

  • Network security

It is a method of safeguarding networks against illegal access, abuse, interference, or service interruption.

  • Application security

A method that involves detecting, repairing, and improving the security of apps in order to prevent the theft of data or code included within the apps.

  • Cloud security

A set of rules, procedures, controls and technologies that works together to secure systems and cloud-based infrastructure.

  • Critical infrastructure

A collection of foundational technology and provides security services such as virus scanners, intrusion detection, and prevention systems, anti-malware software, and many others.

On the other hand,  IT security ensures the protection of data in any form in cyberspace and beyond. In short, the internet or the endpoint device can only be a small part of a larger picture. Therefore, IT  security experts focus on ensuring confidentiality, security, and accessibility of all data.

Here are the examples of IT security:

Information security includes cybersecurity as well as the following:

  • Procedural controls

It prevents, detects, or minimizes threats to any physical assets, such as data centers, computer systems, or even file cabinets. 

  • Access controls

It indicates who has access to and utilizes the company’s information and network. It also restricts remote access to entry gates and virtual access, such as restricted access authorization.

  • Technical controls

These measures include multi-factor user authentication at login, firewalls, and antivirus software.

  • Compliance controls

These safety measures handle privacy laws as well as cybersecurity standards to reduce cyber threats. They want an assessment of information security risks and implement regulations.

Final Thoughts: Implementing IT Security and Cybersecurity is a Must

The Internet has changed the way organizations management. They rely on technology more than ever before. With technology advancements, the demand for cybersecurity and IT security has increased especially now that we’re experiencing the effect of pandemic worldwide. There might be a contrast between them, but yet both are essential to your business. 

By understanding the difference between IT security and cybersecurity, businesses can protect themselves from all types of attacks and create a robust protection management program.

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